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Coca Cola Print

Coca-cola project located in Sindang Pakuwon village, Cimanggung sub-district, Sumedang district. The village is flanked by Cimande and Citarik rivers, within the sub-watershed of Citarik - Citarum in the eastern part of Bandung. Sindang Pakuwon is a typical growing sub-urban area surrounded by rapid urban development within the last 20 years, which resulted in high population growth especially from thousands of moving-in outsiders. These developments also create high demands for lands, increased local market activities, boarding houses for factory workers, new housing complexes and more shops along the main roads of Bandung - Tasikmalaya. The village covers 125,000 hectares and is divided into 4 sub-villages (dusuns): Cibureleng, Parakan Muncang, Cikalama, and Sindang Kasih.

Land ownership is mostly individual, despite the fact that many has also been sold to outsiders and factories for their operating expansion.  Many or agricultural lands also belong to outsiders.  Soil fertility is degrading due to possible impacts of dry seasons and or industrial wastes.  During the rainy season, most of agricultural areas are flooded.

Clean water availability
During the rainy season water is abundant yet to be wasted in a form of floods, while in the dry season people experience water shortages.  Ground water is presently available and extracted through wells.  During rainy seasons these wells are flooded and become unpottable.  During dry seasons, these wells also dry up. The surface water (river) can only be used for agricultural purposes. The channeled water from the Cipulus and Cimande springs is also significantly reduced in volume during the dry seasons.  Several water pumps are available and owned by well off individuals.  Presently, local community feels that water scarcity has become one of the biggest problems, besides sanitation and waste management.  Therefore, the program needs to put water availability as an important key issue.

Village sanitation
In addition to the water scarcity, sanitation also becomes a complicated issue and at the same time creates serious problems to the local community.  The limited amount of low quality water available during the dry season becomes the source of local diseases, hygienic problems, and potentially create inevitable horizontal conflicts.  Degree of community’s understanding about a comprehensive sanitation is still very low, which is reflected by the scattered and poorly collected wastes of local market, factories, cattle and domestic; as well as indiscriminated places for defecation.  These sanitation problems are exacerbated by lack of supporting government’s regulations and budgeting.

The objectives of the project are:

1) The emergence of the understanding and the willingness of local community to maintain their health and environment through a cleaner behavior change;

2) The emergence of community initiatives to establish community-based sanitation systems, which include: provision and management of clean water; construction, operation and maintenance of communal septic tanks (CST) and hydram pumps for supporting clean water provision system as a pilot activity; and

3) Promotion of community and media supports and contributions in disseminating information and knowledge regarding clean and healthy behaviors to community at large.

The above three project objectives will be achieved through the following three primary activities:

1) Community conventions, focus group discussions, and gatherings which are aimed at building consensus in identified common problems on sanitation, health and environment; as well as obtaining joint community commitments on ways to resolve the perceived problems. These consensus and commitments are reflected into a community mapping and land-use planning;

2) Construct two pilot WCs using communal septic tanks (CSTs) and appropriate technology applications for improving surface water quality through community collaboration and participation, and

3) Dissemination of success stories to community at large as well as relevant local government offices.





Under a collaboration with the Coca-Cola Foundation Indonesia (CCFI), YBUL was invited to develop a gravity-based clean water distribution for more than 400 households in Sindang Pakuon village, Sumedang district, West Java.

The village was suffering from clean water scarcity. Especially during the dry season, they use the available small creek as their primary water source. The water from the stream is normally channeled to wells, left overnight to settle, and the upper part (which looks cleaner) is then used for washing and bathing. Defecating is done in places, some households that own toilet use cannon type to dump the waste into the very similar creek to be used for other purposes.

YBUL came into the project site using bottom-up approaches. Started with meetings with the Village Head (Mr. Yusuf), and came to and agreement that CCFI name should not be published along the project implementation, avoiding high expectation and perception to a ‘private sector contribution’. Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) were organized to apply the PHAST (Participatory Health and Sanitation Transformation) strategy, which included assessment on: community wealth relevant to sanitation; disease contamination roads; hygiene understandings; and sanitation improvement intervention. Community members also carried out ground checking and mapping for possible water networks in a participative way. Roles of women were strongly recognized during the process. Media campaign was carried out through various media.

Two outputs were produced: a gravity-based clean water networks for community serving around 400 households, and two communal septic tanks for pilot.

Due to the limited project budget, the community members, strongly supported by the Village Head, have successfully directed the local government funds (under the PNPM project) to co-finance the YBUL-CCFI project. Such co-financing has shown the strong commitment of the community to improve their livelihood through obtaining clean water supply. Such awareness has also been so far supporting the sustainability of the project. Up to present, about one year after the project completion, the village level water company (BUMDES) is still operating, and some administrative and management trainings are still needed to improve its performance. The CCFI name came up to public only when the project was officiated by the Bupati (district head).



Based on the successful experience with the Coca-Cola Foundation Indonesia (CCFI) in Sindang Pakuon, Coca-Cola Amatil Indonesia (CCAI) then requested YBUL to develop similar project for Cihanjuang village, the neighborhood village of its factory site in Sumedang, West Java. The project will have slightly different approaches, because of the water scarcity conflicts between community and CCAI that have surfaced publicly. YBUL is developing a three years strategy in the effort to reduce the conflict through water and sanitation development. The road map of the three years strategy is as follows:

First year: developing the clean water and sanitation project as was developed in the previous site (Sindang Pakuon), using stronger stakeholder participation approaches, as well as intensive communication and media campaign strategies, identification of local champions will be carried out to become agents of peace;

Second year: carrying out rehabilitation activities in the water catchment areas aimed at maintaining water volume of the water spring, as well as introducing water harvesting techniques at community households, while strengthening the clean water company at the village level (BUMDES);

Third year: promoting environment based income generation activities to the local community, once the clean water is available and healthier environment are achieved. These various economic activities will be developed at household level through community groups. Social entrepreneurship will become an overarching theme for the effort. Strengthening social enterprises, building social advisory council, as local institutions at village level will be carried out, especially aimed at building stronger communication bridge between community and CCAI.


The project is expected to start implementation in the second quarter of year 2013.



Welcome to our website,

YBUL is a non-profit organization in Jakarta, established in 1993.

YBUL promotes community-based renewable energy development through collaborations and innovative solutions.

YBUL is experienced and specialized in promoting and implementing programs in:

Rural Electrification - Community Empowerment - Environmental Financing Mechanism - Clean Development Mechanism - Green Energy Development

More information? Please contact us by email ybul@ybul.or.id or phone: +62 21 720 6125


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