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FOCUS GROUP DISCUSSIONS: ENSURING COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION Print

FOCUS GROUP DISCUSSIONS: ENSURING COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION

YBUL entered a collaboration with the Coca-Cola Foundation Indonesia (CCFI) in implementing an 18 months project on community based sanitation and clean water provision. Started in August 01, 2010 presently the project is in its planning stage. At least six focus group discussions (FGDs) are being held to help community members explore ideas and build consensus on planning and implementation of project activities which include: construction of communal septic tanks and sanitation facilities, clean water provision, and village waste management. On 19 – 20 November 2010, 5th and 6th FGDs were held.

These FGDs were participated by 19 community members and representatives, facilitated by Hendri (project facilitator) and Didin (project field coordinator). Discussions included developing agreed upon plans which consist of: social maps in two sub-villages in Manabaya; possible sites for the communal septic tanks, as well as strategies to effectively obtain clean water from the available water springs. At least three key issues also were discussed: firstly, community members’ behavior in defecating at small streams in the village, which they themselves think needs to be changed. Secondly, provision of clean water through piping systems will bypass one village which is not a project target. Communities fear that this may create social jealousy. Therefore, additional project funds will be needed to cover this village Cimanggung. Third, household wastes are not well managed, a better waste management system is needed.

The facilitators successfully explored community’s needs and obtained agreements on these commonly perceived needs.  Future meetings will be held to involve local government officials.  Presentations by community representatives will be made to convey these issues to local government officials and explored ways to jointly resolve these.

 

FGD Coca Cola

 
STRENGTHENING COMMUNITY INITIATIVES IN BENER MERIAH COMMUNITY LEARNING CENTER Print

 

BENER MERIAH, ACEH

Comparative Study on Animal Husbandry: A comparative study was organized in early August 2010 to bring a group of 9 persons (especially from project community group members) to Stabat (goat farming and organic fertilizer production) and dairy goat breeding in Pematang Siantar, North Sumatra to learn how to raise goats (as well as for dairy purposes), process organic fertilizer from goat’s wastes as well as applying business dimension into the husbandry. The study also established a farmer-to-farmer consultation approach, so that breeders can exchange knowledge and skills.

The group visited Stabat Tisata, a goat farm which produces wool and organic fertilizer, to learn various knowledge and skills on goat dairy farm practices. The relatively high economic value generated from the organic compost (based on goat dung), sold at around Rp 500 – 1000/kg of local organic fertilizer (able to produce around 400 tons/month), has attracted the visiting farmers. The composting technique uses locally available materials as decomposter such as: papaya, pineapple, banana, bamboo shoot, rice water, coconut water, as well as intestines from local slaughter house. The group also visited a dairy goat farm in Pematang Siantar. Business on goat milk could reach a minimum income of Rp 200,000 per day, plus additional income from selling goats.

The brief comparative study has resulted in increased enthusiasm among participants especially in better understanding of the high economic values of goat breeding activities resulted from production of goat milk and organic fertilizer. Another lesson learned was a new insight that farmers need to work together, e.g. in a form of cooperative, to increase their bargaining power and marketing strategy.

Collaboration with Coftea Corner: CLC is initiating a collaboration with a small in size yet big in ideas café, namely: Coftea Corner, located in Ravindo Building, Jakarta. The café is just established by students of a graduate business school who are experimenting a real business. The difference these students are making is the social dimension of coffee business. They are committed to work with CLC in a symbiotic business relationship: CLC is supplying a high grade organic Gayo coffee with moderate price; and Coftea Corner returns an amount of money to CLC as contribution to support the CLC’s operating cost. In addition to this, from every cup of coffee Coftea Corner sells, Rp 100 will be allocated in a certain account and returned directly to coffee farmers as a corporate social responsibility (CSR) account. The scheme is being initiated by YBUL.


 

 
Is an Indonesian DOE needed? Print

In collaboration with the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), YBUL conducted a two day seminar at the Sari Pan Pacific Hotel, Jakarta, on 28 – 29 September 2010. On the first day, a Focus Group Discussion (FGD) was organized to review policy frameworks on a national Designated Operational Entity (DOE), and on the second day a workshop was held to identify potentials organization for becoming a national DOE. The FGD was attended by: speakers from: Ministry of Environment-Indonesia (MOE-I), The National Committee for Climate Changes / Dewan Nasional Perubahan Iklim (DNPI), Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), Japan Quality Assurance (JQA), and participants from: PT. Green Air Solution, PT. South Pole, PT. Asia Carbon, PT. Chevron, PT. Listrindo, UPT. Balai Tekstil, PT. Budi Acid Jaya, Indonesia Power, Indah Karya Register Sertification Services, TUV Rheiland Indonesia, PT. Surveyor Indonesia, BPPT

The workshop was attended by speakers from: MOE-I, DNPI, IGES, JQA, and participants from: PT. Sucofindo, PT. Odira, PT. Surveyor, PT. Mutu Agung Lestari, PT. Chevron, TUV. Rheiland Indonesia, PT. Indah Karya Register Sertification Services, UPT. Balai Tekstil, PT. Energi Alternatif Indonesia, PT. Listrindo, BPPT.

Under the Kyoto Protocol’s Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) scheme, there is a Designated Operational Entity (DOE) – an entity designed by Conference of the Parties/Meetings of the Parties (COP/MOP) based by recommendation by the Executive Board (EB), as qualified to validate proposed CDM activities as well as verify certified emission reductions. The DOE’s primary roles are validation and verification of CDM projects. Validation includes independent evaluation of a project activity against requirements of CDM on the basis of the Project Design Document (PDD). Verification is the periodic independent review and ex-post determination of the monitored Green House Gases (GHG) emission reductions.

As per July 2010, only 48 projects are registered by the CDM-EB, 122 are approved by the Designated National Authority (DNA), and 134 projects have been or are being validated. Compared to other countries, Indonesia is considered slowly developing. For an example, the registered projects in: China – 963, India – 537, Malaysia – 83, Indonesia – 48, Korea – 45, and Thailand – 38. One of the influencing factors of the slow project development was identified as the lack of a national DOE. Presently, at the global level, only 34 DOEs are accredited by the CDM-EB, and there are approximately 3,300 outstanding CDM projects world wide, which leaves about 100 CDM projects for a DOE to validate. Therefore, the first day FGD came to a recommendation that a national DOE is needed to: speed up the project validation processes, may be cheaper in costs, better understanding of local problems, and better communication due to lack of language barriers. Even though some challenges are also foreseen, like: lack of trained personnel, probability of lack of trust from buyers, and increasing competitiveness among existing DOEs.

The second day there are several entities who are interested in becoming a national DOE, which include: PT. Surveyor Indonesia, PT. Sucofindo.

 
COMMUNITY BASED ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION AND MICRO FINANCE DEVELOPMENT (COLLABORATION WITH CHEVRON) Print

List of the Latest Activities of the Community Based Environmental Conservation and Micro Finance Development Project:

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YBUL is a non-profit organization in Jakarta, established in 1993.

YBUL promotes community-based renewable energy development through collaborations and innovative solutions.

YBUL is experienced and specialized in promoting and implementing programs in:

Rural Electrification - Community Empowerment - Environmental Financing Mechanism - Clean Development Mechanism - Green Energy Development

More information? Please contact us by email ybul@ybul.or.id or phone: +62 21 720 6125

 

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